Child malnutrition is still a public health challenge in the 21st century, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Malnutrition contributes to more than one-third of all deaths of children under five, especially in Africa.
According to WHO (World Health Organization). The most recent data from Mozambique (2011), revealed that 43.1% of the children were stunted, 6.1% wasted and 15.6% underweight. According to UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund), in 2015, a total of 50 million children were living with acute malnutrition, of which 34 million had moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). MAM in children under five must be urgently tackled to prevent those children from becoming severely acutely malnourished and associated morbidity and mortality. Many existing programes to address MAM are in place but there is no consensus as to which are the best strategies to prevent and treat MAM children.
The effect of a nutrition-specific intervention on nutritional status in moderate acute malnourished children under five years of age in a rural area of Mozambique
Maria Eugènia Vilella Nebot
Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Joan D. Fernández-Ballart, Michelle M. Murphy